Apples in America Bibliography
"Johnny Appleseed: A Pioneer Hero" by W. D. Haley, originally published in Harper's New Monthly magazine, November, 1871.
John Chapman biography by the Swedenborgian Church
"The Awful Reign of the Red Delicious" by Sarah Yager, The Atlantic, September 10, 2014
"Winter Banana, Northern Spy, & King Luscious: Apples in America" Cornell University online exhibit
"'Perfect' Apple Pushed Growers into Debt" by Timothy Egan, New York Times, November 4, 2000.